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Cruz, F. (2019). Exploring the relationship between the three levels of the Digital Divide and the Latino-White achievement gap in online education. Paper was submitted to T. Bastiaens (Chair), EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2019 Conference. If accepted, the paper will be presented at the 2019 EdMedia + Innovate Learning Annual Conference in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Submitted as a brief paper to the international conference.
Cruz, F. (2018, December). The Digital Divide in higher education: A review of the achievement gap in online learning. Paper was completed for LTEC 6030 Fall 2018, University of North Texas, Department of Learning Technologies, Denton, TX.
Submitted as a full paper for journal publication to E-Learn 2019.
Cruz, F. (2018, March). Accessibility in Online Learning: Connecting Universal Design for Learning and Paivio’s Dual Coding Theory. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2156-2163). Washington, D.C., United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/182823.
Cruz, F., Orta, N., & Smith, M. (2017) Identifying the type(s) of interactions online learners prefer among students during a 100% online course. Paper presented in the Proceedings of UNT LTEC 2017 Research Exchange Conference, 56-81.
Cruz, F. & Sperling, R. (2017, May). Something is Not Always Better Than Nothing: How Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSI) Can Be the Schools We Need Them to Be. In B. Biscoe (Director), 2017 National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education. Paper was presented at The National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education in Fort Worth, Texas.
Cruz, F. & Cody, T. (2017, March). Practice What We Preach: A Revision of an Online Teaching Certification Program. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 493-498). Austin, TX, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/177327/.
Sperling, R., Zwahr-Castro, J., Cruz, F., & Montalvo, J. (2017). Whites aren’t bad, Asian-Americans are just better: Asymmetrical attributions for the White–Asian American achievement gap. Journal of Latinos and Education, 1-14.