Portfolio

Scholarly Writing

To learn more about a scholarly writing, please navigate through the icons below and click to expand the information about the individual papers. 

Cruz, F. (2019). Exploring the relationship between the three levels of the Digital Divide and the Latino-White achievement gap in online education. Paper was submitted to  T. Bastiaens (Chair), EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2019 Conference. If accepted, the paper will be presented at the 2019 EdMedia + Innovate Learning Annual Conference in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 

Submitted as a brief paper to the international conference.

Cruz, F. (2018, December). The Digital Divide in higher education: A review of the achievement gap in online learning. Paper was completed for LTEC 6030 Fall 2018, University of North Texas, Department of Learning Technologies, Denton, TX.

Submitted as a full paper for journal publication to E-Learn 2019. 

Cruz, F. (2018, March). Accessibility in Online Learning: Connecting Universal Design for Learning and Paivio’s Dual Coding Theory. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2156-2163). Washington, D.C., United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/182823.

International conference

Cruz, F., Orta, N., & Smith, M. (2017) Identifying the type(s) of interactions online learners prefer among students during a 100% online course. Paper presented in the Proceedings of UNT LTEC 2017 Research Exchange Conference, 56-81. 

University conference

Cruz, F. & Sperling, R. (2017, May). Something is Not Always Better Than Nothing: How Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSI) Can Be the Schools We Need Them to Be. In B. Biscoe (Director), 2017 National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education. Paper was presented at The National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education in Fort Worth, Texas.

National conference

Cruz, F. & Cody, T. (2017, March). Practice What We Preach: A Revision of an Online Teaching Certification Program. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 493-498). Austin, TX, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved from .

International conference

Sperling, R., Zwahr-Castro, J., Cruz, F., & Montalvo, J. (2017). Whites aren’t bad, Asian-Americans are just better: Asymmetrical attributions for the White–Asian American achievement gap. Journal of Latinos and Education, 1-14. doi:10.1080/15348431.2016.1205991.

International journal